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villa rotonda

Via della Rotonda 45 Vicenza, Italia

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villa de palladio

eye lo descubrió en enero de 2013

Villa Almerico Capra Valmarana «La Rotonda»
...not farther from town than a quarter of a mile... one could say it stands in the Town itself lungi dalla Città meno di un quarto di miglio... si può dire che sia nella Città istessa... This is why it offers splendid views... loggias have been built on every front. (from “The Second Book of Architecture by A. Palladio”)
The original of Palladio’s most famous villa stands in the suburbs of Vicenza, on the state road n.247 “Riviera Berica”, which runs south towards No- venta Vicentina. Palladio designs it in 1566 for the canon Paolo Almerico, who after leaving his brilliant career at the papal court, comes back to his birthplace and prefers the quiet countryside to the family palace. However, it will take forty years, at the end of which both the architect and his client will pass away, for the brothers Odorico and Mario Capra, who took over the property, and the architect Scamozzi, Palladio’s spiritual heir, to finish the works. It is no coincidence that the villa stands on top of a hill, in the countryside that stretches out from the banks of the river Bacchiglione to the Colli Berici. The image is the image of a temple-villa, almost cubical, with façades bearing a pronaos with majestic Ionic colonnades and triangular tympanums, topped by a dome which at the beginning was planned like the Roman Pantheon, and should be opened by an oeil-de-boeuf, but then was squashed and closed. The core of the geometric system is the person whose view wanders all around. The symbolism of the building is blatant: the combination of the perfect volumes, the cube and the sphere, with the corners pointing towards the cardinal points, Plato’s conception of the universal order. The service buildings are not only separated from the villa, but also hidden from view, behind the hill.

From this point of view it is important that the Villa Rotonda has been inserted into the volume of the Four Books of Architecture which is dedicated to the palaces, more a suburban residence than a country house and farm. Its basement is dedicated to the service rooms, and the piano nobile is arranged around a majestic circular hall which takes up the whole height, hence the name “Rotonda” (round), with access corridors and corner rooms on two levels (on the upper floor, the author’s intention was to turn them into a sort of covered passageway).
The central hall is as magnificent as a church, which is unique in Palladio’s civil architecture, and depends probably on the ecclesiastical rank of the first client
Decorations are extraordinary from every point of view. The inside paintings by various authors culminates in the work of Dorigny of the 17th-18th century. Sculptures can be found on the outside (the statues by Albanese on the tympanums) and on the inside, with stuccos and chimneys probably made by Vittoria.
It is interesting to note that the main entrance originally was the one towards the river; it is still preceded by a long grassy slope, while the present one was the service entrance, aligned with the service building. The romantic park is also remarkable; it opens up to the cultivated land all around.
This residence has been imitated many times over the centuries, particularly in England. Recently a copy has been built in Nablus, Palestine (see picture).

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villa cornaro

Via Roma Piombino Dese, Italia

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villa palladio

eye lo descubrió en enero de 2013

The Villa Cornaro stands in Piombino Dese, a village in the countryside, run through by the state road n. 307 “del Santo”, which from Padua leads up towards Castelfranco, about thirty kilometres from Vicenza.
This piece of architecture marks a quality leap of Palladio’s clients; he had already worked for a Venetian family (Villa Pisani in Lonigo), though not as prestigious, nor as wealthy. However, to end his works it will take two more interventions, in 1559 and in 1588 (this last one by Vincenzo Scamozzi, Palladio’s spiritual heir).
At the centre of the project there is a building which one could spontaneously define a “country house” rather than a villa. The monumental aspect of the villa reminds of an urban residence, and the analogies with the Palazzo Chiericati, which is being built during the same period in Vicenza, are remarkable.
The façade displays the same pronaos of a double order (not uncommon in Venetian Gothic style), and the building is purposely isolated from the service buildings. The inner room disposition underlines the celebration aspect of the building, with a great hall with four free standings columns and adorned with statues.
The function of the ground floor is to welcome guests and clients, while the piano nobile, with elegant staircases leading up to it, is reserved for the family. For stylistic comparison see the almost contemporaneous Villa Pisani in Montagnana and two works erected little earlier: Palazzo Chiericati in Vicenza and Villa Chiericati in Grumolo delle Abbadesse.

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villa badoer

+39 0425 668122

Via Tasso 1 Fratta Polesine, Italia

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villa de palladio

eye lo descubrió en enero de 2013

The Villa Badoer is in the centre of Fratta Polesine, not far from the state road n. 434 “Transpolesana” which from Verona runs down towards Legnago and Rovigo, about 15 kilometres from the tollbooth along the motorway A13 Padua-Bologna (for a total of 90 km from Vicenza).
Palladio is commissioned the project by the Venetian nobleman Francesco Badoer as a coronation of the draining work in this part of the plain. The building rises on the site of a Medieval castle and inherits the celebration function of the dominating family: the villa is probably built upon the existing footing and rises majestically at the centre of the monumental frame made by the very elegant semicircular farming buildings, which hide the other service buildings.
The spectacular effect is underlined by the waters of the canal, which at the time was navigable up to Venice and Ferrara, and which separates the main square of the village from the villa. The façade has a forepart like a temple, with a Ionic colonnade and a triangular tympanum, preceded by a spectacular staircase with more slopes: on the front they lead down towards the courtyard, on the sides, they connect the building with the service buildings.
An interesting feature is the contrast between the Ionic order applied in the main building and the Tuscan order of the other buildings. On the inside, the rooms are arranged according to Palladio’s usual schemes, with the basement for service rooms, the piano nobile for the master’s rooms, and the barn.
A characteristic element is the open hall like in the Venetian palaces. The frescoes by Giallo Fiorentino from the same period a remarkable, with allegorical figures, sometimes with an obscure meaning. The particular thing about the Villa Badoer is certainly the curvilinear barchesse (service build- ings) which Palladio includes in more designs, but which are actually built only in Fratta. The scheme is inspired by Roman architecture – for example the Forum of Augustus – and is more symbolic than practical, and the image is that of a hearty welcome with open arms. For stylistic comparison see the nearby Villa dei Vescovi in Luvigliano by Falconetto. The villa is now owned by the Province of Rovigo, and they are working to turn the rooms inside the two service buildings into an important archaeological museum.

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ca´marcello

Via dei Marcello, 13, 35017 Levada, Italia

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villa de palladio

eye lo descubrió en enero de 2013

Intero complesso
Primavera - Estate - Autunno - Inverno
Casa dominicale
Primavera - Estate - Autunno - Inverno
Barchesse e annessi
Primavera - Estate
Nei giorni: Lun - Mar - Mer - Gio - Ven - Dom
Esterno parco
Primavera - Estate
Nei giorni: Lun - Mar - Mer - Gio - Ven - Dom
Note: Il parco è aperto dal primo aprile al 31 ottobre, tutti i giorni escluso il sabato, dalle ore 9.00 alle 19.00. La villa è visitabile tutto l'anno su prenotazione per gruppi di almeno 20 persone

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villa pisani bonetti

Via Borgo Eniano 1 - Montagnana - (Padova) Montagnana, Italia

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villa de paladio

eye lo descubrió en enero de 2013

The Villa Pisani lies in the countryside of the Medieval village Montagnana, not far from the border between the provinces of Verona (50 km), Vicenza (40 km) and Padua (45 km). The client is the powerful Venetian nobleman Francesco Pisani, also known as patron of artists like Veronese.
Taking into account the client’s origin and culture, Palladio conceives a villa which is a little different, mainly because it is without service buildings, and because it is extraordinarily monumental.
The architect conceives the “country house” in the same way the Villa Cornaro in Piombino Dese for a nobleman of equal rank was conceived.
The building in Montagnana is almost cubic and its façade is embellished by a double loggia crowned by a tympanum, as first seen at the Palazzo Chiericati in Vicenza a few years before. On the ground floor there are the rooms for receiving guests and do business, on the upper floor we find the master’s rooms.
They are linked through beautiful oval spiral staircases. The most important and spectacular room is the hall with half-columns on the ground floor, adorned with statues representing the Four Seasons by Alessandro Vittoria.
For stylistic comparison see the almost contemporaneous Villa Cornaro in Montagnana and two buildings erected little earlier: Palazzo Chiericati in Vicenza and Villa Chiericati in Grumolo delle Abbadesse

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villa pisani bonetti

+39 0444 831104

Via Risaie 1, Bagnolo, Italia

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villa de palladio

eye lo descubrió en enero de 2013

On the state road towards Cologna Veneta we ar- rive to the village district Bagnolo, where one of Andrea Palladio’s most important works stands, the Villa Pisani of 1542.
“The Building stands in Bagnolo, a place two miles away from Lonigo Castello del Vicentino. It belongs to the Magnificent Lords the Pisani Brothers Earls Vittore, Marco and Daniele.” (from “The Second Book of Architecture” by A. Palladio)
Villa Pisani stands at thirty kilometres from vicenza. It is an extraordinary area for farming, with plants that are typical for the plain, but also to the vines of the nearby Colli Berici. At Palladio’s time, the village Bagnolo was in the middle of a huge area of rice fields, a very important economic resource. Thus, it is no surprise that the family who run these fields was the Pisani family, one of Venice’s most powerful clans, who owned a sumptuous palace in Lonige, and who had a suburban villa built, the famous Rocca.
This job is a quality leap for Palladio, as regards his clients: from the Vicenza noblemen with their wavering fortunes to the great families of the Serenissima, who can count on culture and wealth of a very different degree. The Villa Pisani is a turning point in the concept of a Palladian villa.
The architect is 38 years old and has just come back from his crucial education journey to Rome in 1541, a fact that can be noticed immediately: at the centre of the project remains, of course, the residence, which is enhanced with a basement, like an ancient temple, while the service buildings, who were formerly not considered from a monumental point of view, form a suitable crown. Thus, the design considers the dwelling place just as important as the production area, conferring architecture the conception of business mixed with pleasure, an idea which Renaissance philosophers appreciated. On the inside we find remarkable paintings inspired by Ovid’s Metamorphoses. For stylistic comparison, see the villas Palladio designs during the same year: Palazzo Thiene, Villa Caldogno, Villa Gazzotti, Villa Thiene and Villa Valmarana. The villa is presently used for private purposes.

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